Glasgow residents have access to numerous security systems – both wired and wireless options – each offering its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

An automated cell automaton model was utilized to estimate crime costs and savings to calculate the cost-effectiveness of CCTV and enhanced street lighting schemes, with results presented in Figure 1.

1. Increased Security

CCTV surveillance systems can serve as a powerful deterrent against crime and theft, helping protect both your property and person from being stolen. Furthermore, should any incidents take place, CCTV will provide evidence of what occurred – making CCTV particularly effective in industrial and commercial settings where tight spaces must be monitored closely.

To determine the cost effectiveness of both CCTV and enhanced street lighting in Glasgow postcode areas, an estimation was required of crime types and their costs within each postcode area – this data was then fed into a simulation model known as cellular automaton.

Results of this experiment indicated that under certain conditions CCTV could become more cost effective than street lighting; however, due to uncertainties associated with point estimates for cost effectiveness calculations of each technology. It would therefore not be prudent or practical for use of this model for precise predictions about their costs-benefit analyses.

2. Reduced Crime Rates

Studies indicate that CCTV helps lower crime rates through deterrence. It may also help increase police abilities to catch criminals more quickly – although its effects may only last temporarily; crime rates typically decrease after this initial period of increased policing has subsided.

A cellular automaton model was recently developed that simulates the implementation of improved street lighting and CCTV cameras in Glasgow from 2004-2013, taking into account only those crimes taking place outdoors.

Gill and Spriggs (2005) provided us with the costs associated with CCTV surveillance systems, which include both the initial setup and ongoing running costs for cameras.

3. Increased Revenue

Since 2008, Scotland’s streets have seen the number of CCTV cameras tripling – up to 4,114 now – prompting calls for greater regulation over this surveillance technology.

Glasgow’s city centre street camera scheme managed to show some reductions in crime categories; these reductions were smaller than what had been observed outside camera locations, however. Regardless, some remain skeptical as to the efficacy of CCTV as an effective crime-prevention measure.

Monte Carlo simulations suggest that CCTV and improved lighting could become cost effective under certain conditions, including targeting crime hotspots where savings are greater, as well as using IP systems that can be remotely accessed and could therefore reduce maintenance costs.

4. Increased Customer Satisfaction

CCTV surveillance systems can provide invaluable evidence in court proceedings and should therefore be installed at your business premise to detect threats or criminal activity that might take place there. They’re an indispensable asset that makes monitoring important part of daily business life.

The cellular automaton model can be used to calculate the marginal change in crime costs caused by various intervention strategies in Glasgow; then this figure is compared with their costs in order to identify which are most cost effective.

According to research findings, using CCTV in Glasgow is more cost effective than improving street lighting alone. Larger schemes targeting crime hotspots tend to be more successful than smaller programs applying cameras only in select areas.

5. Increased Productivity

CCTV technology can assist businesses in reaching greater productivity. By offering real-time monitoring, employees can keep tabs on operations even when away from the office and managers can track employee performance to increase employee efficiency.

Studies have demonstrated the deterrence effect of CCTV, which reduces crime rates in its vicinity, though there is some evidence suggesting its effect may not be significant (Woodhouse 2010).

CCTV surveillance also serves to safeguard your privacy. Under UK law, public organisations must make available any personal data they hold about you when asked by you; you can obtain this data by writing to the owner of the system – usually a local council – who owns its CCTV system. Many wireless CCTV systems in Glasgow now reduce vulnerability due to breaches better than wired ones.